Human Anatomyis a fundamental and basic discipline dealing with the study of form and structure of the human body in various stages of its development.
Human Anatomy - the science of the structure of the human body, its organs and systems components. Human anatomy has been studying the human body according to the function it performs, Development and Environment. Considered impossible to represent the structure of the human body without the individual entities that perform specific functions.
When considering the structure of the human body's first focus on the skeleton. There are two basic functions of the skeleton - mechanical and biological. To not go into specific anatomical details, you can simply note that the skeleton - is the foundation for the entire human body is the support for internal organs and the lever that activates the human muscles, allowing for independent motor function - namely, walking, running, jumping, swimming, etc.
Another important component of the human anatomy - it's muscle . The muscles are the active element of the human motor system. That muscle can perform a complete variety of movements between different parts of the skeleton, human movement, capturing parts of the body in various positions. The muscles also activate human speech, respiratory function, swallowing and chewing. In addition, the muscles affected by the location of the inner organs, promote the normal movement of blood in the body, are actively involved in the metabolism. The human body has about 600 different muscles.
Proper functioning of the human body is impossible without internal organs. These organs are located inside the human body, mainly - in the key of the cavities (thoracic and abdominal). At the same time there are also bodies that are located in the neck, head and pelvic cavity. The most immediate function of internal organs - active participation in the process of metabolism. The internal organs usually referred: the digestive organs , respiratory system , urinary organs and genitals . Due to the fact that these bodies are passed through a food, air, urine and sex cells - basically, they take the form of a tube. The remaining internal organs that have no internal cavities are called parenchymatous internal organs.
The material contained in the atlas of human anatomy is not limited to only the device body and shows the human body as a whole.
a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)
lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)
m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)
n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)
r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)
s. — seu (or)
v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)