Fascia neck

Neck fascia (fascia cervicalis)  consists of three plates and has a complex structure of the large number of muscles and organs. The space between the fascia of neck and neck organs filled with fatty tissue and loose connective tissue.

Surface plate (lamina superficialis)  is a continuation of the fascia chest and back. It forms a sheath for podnizhnechelyustnoy cancer and suprahyoid muscles of the neck and грудиноключичнососцевидных. In the back of the neck fascia envelops the trapezius muscle, extending to the occiput and upper nuchal line. Over the jugular notch presternum formed episternal mezhaponevroticheskoe space (spatium interaponeuroticum suprasternale).

In Fig. 99.
Fascia neck side view
1 - chewing fascia;
2 - the thyroid gland;
3 - fascia of neck;
4 - sternocleidomastoid muscle;
5 - predtrahealnaya plate;
6 - episternal mezhaponevroticheskoe space;
7 - trapezius muscle;
8 - surface plate;
9 - platysma
In Fig. 100.
The muscles and fascia of the neck cross-section
1 - episternal mezhaponevroticheskoe space;
2 - predvistseralnoe space;
3 - sternohyoid muscle;
4 - surface plate;
5 - belly-thyroid muscle;
6 - predtrahealnaya plate;
7 - the trachea;
8 - scapular-hyoid muscle;
9 - platysma;
10 - esophagus;
11 - Long Neck;
12 - sternocleidomastoid muscle;
13 - anterior scalenus;
14 - middle scalene muscle and the posterior scalenus;
15 - semispinal dorsi muscle;
16 - muscle lifting the blade;
17 - Belt muscle of head and neck muscle belt;
18 - cucullaris

 

Prespinal plate (lamina prevertebralis) begins at the base of the skull, falling, covers prespinal neck muscles, as well as passes to the scalene muscle. Prespinal between the plate and the bodies of the neck is pozadivistseralnoe space (spatium retroviscerale).

Predtrahealnaya plate (lamina pretrachealis) begins in the clavicle and sternum and the handle forms a sheath for subhyoid muscles. Predtrahealnoy between the plate and the bodies of the neck is predvistseralnoe space (spatium previscerale).





List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)