Muscle group, under the hyoid bone raspolagayushayasya
Schitovidnopodyazychnaya muscle (m. thyrohyoideus) while reducing the larynx and hyoid brings the bone, and a fixed position of the hyoid bone raises the larynx. Start point of the muscle is on the oblique line of thyroid cartilage, and insertion - on the body of the hyoid bone.
Lopatochnopodyazychnaya muscle (m. omohyoideus) expands the lumen of the internal jugular vein. For a fixed position it moves the blades hyoid downward and outward, and delayed the vaginal cervical sosudistonervnogo beam. This thin and long muscle has the upper abdomen (venter superior) and lower abdomen (venter inferior), which are connected to each other intermediate tendon. The upper abdomen begins at the lower edge of the hyoid bone, upper - the upper transverse ligament and the upper edge of the scapula. By connecting with each other, both attached to the abdomen tendon bridge.
Grudinopodyazychnaya muscle (m. sternohyoideus) moves the hyoid bone downwards. The muscle begins at the back of the clavicle, sternum and arm joint capsule grudinoklyuchichnogo, and attached to the bottom of the body of the hyoid bone.
Grudinoschitovidnaya muscle (m. sternothyroideus) moves the larynx down. Start point of the muscle is located on the back of the handle of the sternum and cartilage of ribs I, situs - to slash the thyroid cartilage of larynx.
a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)
lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)
m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)
n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)
r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)
s. — seu (or)
v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)