Superficial muscles of the neck

Platysma (platysma) tightens the skin of the neck and part of the sternum, as well as shifts the corner of his mouth forward and down. The muscle is a thin broad plate, located under the skin of the neck and part under the skin. Its start point is located in the subclavian region in the fascia of the pectoralis major and deltoid muscles, and place attachment are the edge of the lower jaw, chewing fascia and corner of his mouth.

In Fig. 95.
  Surface and medial muscles of the neck
1 - muscle of laughter;
2 - jaw-hyoid muscle;
3 - biventer: a) the anterior belly, b) the posterior abdomen;
4 - shilopodyazychnaya muscle;
5 - platysma;
6 - sternocleidomastoid muscle;
7 - upper abdomen scapular-hyoid muscles;
8 - sternohyoid muscle;
9 - cucullaris

Грудиноключичнососцевидная muscle (m. sternocleidomastoideus), with bilateral reduction throws back her head back, and at its sole tilts his head in his side (the side on which the shortened muscle) and turns it into its opposite.

The muscle is a thick long cord with two heads on the bias coming from the mastoid process through the neck to grudinoklyuchichnomu articulation. Lateral head muscles start point is the front surface of the handle sternum and medial - BREAST end of the clavicle. Muscle attached to the mastoid and the lateral division of the upper nuchal line.

In Fig. 96.
Superficial, middle and deep muscles of the neck side view
1 - shilopodyazychnaya muscle;
2 - biventer: a) the posterior abdomen, b) the anterior belly;
3 - jaw-hyoid muscle;
4 - Belt Neck;
5 - thyroid-hyoid muscle;
6 - scapular-hyoid muscle: a) the upper abdomen, and b) the lower abdomen;
7 - sternohyoid muscle;
8 - muscle lifting the blade;
9 - sternocleidomastoid muscle;
10 - anterior scalenus;
11 - middle scalene muscle;
12 - posterior scalenus;
13 - cucullaris
In Fig. 97.
Middle and deep muscles of the neck side view
1 - jaw-hyoid muscle;
2 - shilopodyazychnaya muscle;
3 - biventer: a) the anterior belly, b) the posterior abdomen;
4 - longest muscle of the head;
5 - thyroid-hyoid muscle;
6 - long muscle of head;
7 - scapular-hyoid muscle: a) the upper abdomen, and b) the lower abdomen;
8 - sternohyoid muscle;
9 - belly-thyroid muscle;
10 - muscle lifting the blade;
11 - Long Neck;
12 - anterior scalenus;
13 - middle scalene muscle;
14 - posterior scalenus
In Fig. 98.
The deep muscles of the neck, front view
1 - anterior rectus head;
2 - lateral rectus of the head;
3 - mezhpoperechnye back muscles;
4 - longest muscle of the head;
5 - anterior scalenus;
6 - middle scalene muscle;
7 - Long Neck;
8 - Rear scalenus




List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)