Ten percent of the adult population in developed countries, including Russia, knows first hand what a stomach ulcer. The prevalence of peptic ulcer disease makes it a social pathology, which exacerbates the chronic nature of the disease and not always timely treatment because of insufficient seriousness with patients themselves to peptic ulcer disease.
Interestingly, the higher the level of economic development, the higher the incidence of gastric ulcer. Improper diet, medications, stress - all this leads to the fact that every tenth after thirty years of encounters with the disease, which can lead ultimately to the development of pancreatitis, gastric cancer and other problems that threaten death.
So what is a stomach ulcer? It is a chronic disease in which the wall of the stomach under the action of acid, bile and pepsin is formed defect (ulcer). This kind of wound on the body wall. In gastric ulcer may be different depth, sometimes it "eats" through the stomach wall - is the so-called perforation of the organ.
Although the symptoms of gastritis and ulcers are often similar, as opposed to gastritis, ulcer defect is deeper and penetrate deeper into the mucosa. gastritis - inflammation of a superficial, affecting only the epithelium of the stomach. Ulcer, on the one hand, is more profound on the other - more localized than gastritis. Often, gastritis, with whom the patients are in no hurry to see a doctor is really sore. And, of course, long-term development of gastritis by itself can lead to peptic ulcer disease, so that he can be the first step in the development of ulcers.
Symptoms of stomach ulcers, as mentioned above, often coincide with the symptoms of gastritis. This is due to chronic ulcer, where the peaks of exacerbation alternating with periods of "calm", or remission. In addition, the symptoms of stomach ulcers depend on the individual human pain threshold, the location of ulcer disease duration, depth and volume of ulcers, etc.
Common symptoms of stomach ulcers should be considered a pain in the upper abdomen and left upper quadrant. Patients sometimes describe them as "a keen sense of hunger," or pulling, sucking pain. In contrast, duodenal ulcer, "hungry pain," ulcer does not relieved from taking food, but rather worse (for duodenal ulcer - on the contrary, food dulls the symptoms).
Sour belching, nausea after meals, and even vomiting, maloobyasnimoe weight loss, severe heartburn are also signs of a possible ulcer. You should not delay the treatment of a doctor.
About Chronic peptic ulcer during the appearance of permanence suggests dull pain in upper abdomen, left upper quadrant, frequent heartburn. Single manifestation of these symptoms does not indicate the presence of ulcers, but the constant discomfort from them - a reason to immediately go to the survey.
Many patients underestimate the risk of stomach ulcers, and in fact it can lead to serious consequences. Human anatomy - a difficult thing, all the processes in the body are interconnected, and continued development of a chronic process may eventually develop into a new, more dangerous disease. The result of the development of gastric ulcers may be internal bleeding, and perforation of gastric ulcer, penetration (soldering of the stomach wall with a different body and ulcer penetration into the organ, which is especially dangerous when penetration of the pancreas - can cause acute pancreatitis). Sometimes the ulcer leads to even stomach cancer.
Are there ways of preventing stomach ulcers? We turn to the causes of stomach ulcers and predisposing factors of its occurrence. Until the end, I must say, these reasons are not known, but now doctors have no doubt that the cause of this disease is a bacterium Helicobacter (Helicobacter pylori). However, not all people who are infected with the microbe transmitted by food, develop an ulcer. Plays an important role and lifestyle risk factors.
To those, in particular, are unhealthy diet - the main risk factor. Spicy, salty, fried, fatty foods in excess, mainly solid food in the diet, it is very hot or very cold food - if you have it included in the regular eating habits, their immediate revision.
Bad effect on the stomach of starvation, indiscriminate, irregular food intake (eg, no breakfast or lunch and dinner, with a dense dinner, occasional snacks or semi-dry rations at work).
Gastric mucosa harmful alcohol, coffee - these drinks is the best suited the expression "all is good in moderation." Smoking also increases the risk of ulcers.
Peptic ulcer disease can also be triggered by depression, anxiety, nervous stress, constant stress, which upset the normal regulation of acid secretion in the stomach. A serious risk factor - receiving a variety of anti-inflammatory drugs such as "aspirin", "Diclofenac" and other serious injuries and burns can exacerbate the so-called "shock ulcers." Ulcer disease often develops in diabetes, hypertension, and heart and kidney disease.
Be especially attentive to my stomach , if you enter into one or more of the risk!
a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)
lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)
m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)
n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)
r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)
s. — seu (or)
v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)