Nervous system

Due to the nervous system in humans is provided by the coordinated work of all systems and organs needed to sustain life. The nervous system controls and coordinates all processes. In addition, she is responsible for contacting the organism with the environment, that is, the perception and obrabatyvanie different signals - such as light, sound, smell, temperature, pressure, etc., as well as for the generation of an adequate response to these stimuli.

The main structural component of the nervous system is the nerve tissue, which consists of two types of cells: neurons conducting nerve impulses and perform the function of the excitation and gliotsitov offering a protective, supporting and trophic functions.

The nervous system is divided into central and peripheral, as well as somatic and autonomic.





List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)