Lymph nodes of the chest cavity

Parietal nodes of the chest cavity are okologrudnye or paramammarnye, nodes, okologrudinnye or parasteralnye (nodi lymphatici parasternales), prespinal upper diaphragmatic (nodi lymphatici phrenici posteriores) and intercostal lymph nodes (nodi lymphatici intercostales). To include pulmonary splanchnic (nodi lymphatici pulmonales), bronchopulmonary (nodi lymphatici bronchopulmonales), tracheobronchial (nodi lymphatici tracheobronchiales), tracheal (nodi lymphatici tracheales), yukstapischevodnye, predperikardialnye and lateral pericardial, anterior and posterior mediastinal lymph nodes (nodi lymphatici mediastinales anteriores et posteriores).

In okologrudinnye, intercostal and upper diaphragmatic lymph nodes collect lymph from the thoracic cavity wall and parietal pleura. Of lung lymph enters the lung, lymph nodes yukstapischevodnye, and from them by printing the vessels entered the tracheobronchial lymph nodes. Individual lymphatic vessels carry lymph lungs to the anterior and posterior mediastinum nodes. Lymphatic vessels okolotrahealnyh nodes are merged into bronhosredostenny trunk, which empties into the left side the thoracic duct, and right - the right lymphatic duct, which are the main lymphatic vessels. In the anterior mediastinum, tracheobronchial, okolotrahealnye, predperikardialnye and lateral pericardial lymph nodes lymph flowing from the heart. From the medial breast lymph okologrudinnye sent to the lymph nodes of the lateral - in the axillary nodes. From the upper breast lymph flowing into the top group of the axillary (subclavian) nodes in the deep cervical (supraclavicular) nodes (nodi lymphatici cervicales profundi), and from the lower divisions - in the upper epigastric lymph nodes.





List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)