Lymph nodes of the lower extremity

In the area of the lower limb is isolated superficial and deep lymphatic vessels. First collect lymph from the skin and subcutaneous tissue, the second conclusion of her bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and fascia. Lymph nodes of the lower extremity are divided into the groin (nodi lymphatici inguinales) and popliteal (nodi lymphatici poplitei), which are divided into deep and superficial.

Surface vessels include vessels of the medial and posterolateral vessels of the group. Receptacles medial group of the great saphenous vein is accompanied by and collect lymph from the medial surface of the foot, shin and thigh. They start from the lymph capillary network of the skin, fall into the large lymphatic vessels, and then in the superficial inguinal lymph nodes (nodi lymphatici inguinales superficiales), which are located below the inguinal ligament. In the inguinal lymph nodes also collect lymph from the external genitalia, perineum, lower half of the anterior abdominal wall, lower back, some of the pelvic cavity. Posterolateral vessels escorted the small subcutaneous veins and provide lymph drainage from the lateral surfaces of the foot and lower leg. If you are going, vessels empty into the popliteal lymph nodes. Efferent lymph vessels of superficial inguinal lymph nodes, a broad fascia of the thigh probodaya, fall into the deep inguinal nodes.

The deep lymphatic vessels start from the capillaries of lymphatic network of bone marrow, periosteum, joints, muscles and fascia. They collect lymph from the foot, leg and knee, falling into the popliteal nodes.

Lymph from the tissues of the thigh is sent to the deep inguinal lymph nodes (nodi lymphatici inguinales profundi), from which efferent vessels supplying it to the external iliac lymph nodes in the pelvis (nodi lymphatici iliaci externi).





List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)