Group of muscles on the hyoid bone raspolagayushayasya

Digastric (m. digastricus), cutting, down the jaw and pulls it back. For a fixed position of the mandible, this muscle elevates hyoid bone. Muscle so named because it is divided into anterior belly (venter anterior) and posterior abdomen (venter posterior), which are connected with each other tendon bridge. Anterior belly digastric fossa begins in the lower jaw, posterior belly of a start point mastoid notch of temporal bone. Both of the abdomen attached to the body of the hyoid bone, passing in the tendon.

Shilopodyazychnaya muscle (m. stylohyoideus) raises the hyoid bone, while taking her back and outwards. This thin spindle-shaped muscle begins at the base subulate process of the temporal bone and attached to the body and the big horn hyoid bone.

Chelyustnopodyazychnaya muscle (m. mylohyoideus) raises the hyoid bone and its fixed position of the lower jaw drops. Muscle itself is flat, connecting with the opposite side chelyustnopodyazychnoy muscle, it forms the aperture of the mouth, or mouth floor. Start point is chelyustnopodyazychnaya line of the mandible. Place attachment is the main part of the muscles in the mouth aperture, connecting with the main part of the fiber opposite chelyustnopodyazychnoy muscles and diaphragm forming chelyustnopodyazychny joint cavity. Insertion of rear beams muscles on the front side of the hyoid bone.

Podborodochnopodyazychnaya muscle (m. geniohyoideus) raises the hyoid bone, pushing it forward, and at a fixed position of the hyoid bone down the lower jaw. The muscle is located on chelyustnopodyazychnoy muscle begins at the chin axis of the mandible and is attached to the front surface of the hyoid body.

List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)