Fascia of the chest

Thoracic fascia (fascia pectoralis) consists of two layers. Surface sheet covers the outer surface of the pectoralis major muscle (female superficial fascia separates the chest piece of the pectoralis major muscle from the breast). Deep sheet is located between the pectoral muscles. At the top of it fused with the clavicle and coracoid process, in the subclavian area from two sides surrounds a small chest muscle and subclavian muscle, forming a dense plot, called klyuchichnogrudnoy fascia (fascia clavipectoralis), in the central part fused with the sternum, on each side goes to the front gear muscle, and downward - in the fascia of the abdominal wall. Exchanging with the lower edge of the pectoralis major muscle at the lower edge of the broad back muscles, deep fascia lines the chest piece area axillary fossa, forming axillary fascia (fascia axillaris).

In Fig. 106.
Superficial muscles and fascia of the chest and abdomen
1 - biventer: anterior belly;
2 - jaw-hyoid muscle;
3 - sternocleidomastoid muscle;
4 - scapular-hyoid muscle;
5 - platysma;
6 - sternohyoid muscle;
7 - trapezius muscle;
8 - deltoid;
9 - pectoral muscle;
10 - pectoralis fascia;
11 - the biceps;
12 - latissimus dorsi;
13 - fascia shoulder;
14 - serratus anterior;
15 - aponeurosis external oblique abdominal muscles;
16 - external abdominal oblique muscle

Intrathoracic fascia (fascia endothoracica) lines the inner surface of the chest wall.

List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)