Cecum (caecum) is the initial division of the colon and is blind saccular stretch from 3 to 8 cm As a rule, it is completely covered by peritoneum.
From the posteromedial wall, below the confluence of the ileum in a blind, departs appendix - the appendix (appendix vermiformis). Its length varies from 2 to 13 cm and a diameter of 3-4 mm. The appendix lies usually in the right iliac fossa and is connected to the cecum and terminal ileum with the mesentery of the appendix (mesoappendix). Its free end is directed downward and medially to the border line, sometimes descending into the pelvis. On all sides surrounded by convergent appendix at its base with ribbons of the colon . In its mucosa contains a large amount of lymphoid tissue.
|In Fig. 170.
The cecum and appendix
1 - epiploic appendage;
2 - free band of the colon;
3 - haustrum;
4 - crescent-shaped folds of the colon;
5 - ileocecal valve;
6 - cecum;
7 - appendix mesentery;
8 - appendix (appendix)
a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)
lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)
m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)
n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)
r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)
s. — seu (or)
v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)