Special Senses

Sensory organs (organa sensuum) are receptors or peripheral parts of the analyzers, which receive different kinds of stimuli coming from the external environment.

Each receptor is able to perceive certain factors in response to the so-called adequate stimuli. Then the anger is transformed into nerve impulses and pathways enters the intermediate sections of the analyzers, which are formed by nerve centers, ranging in the spinal cord and the brain stem. Hence, the momentum is transferred to the central office analyzers - in the cerebral cortex. It is here that the analysis and synthesis of nerve excitation, resulting reception stimulator senses. All three parts (peripheral, intermediate and central) are linked functionally and morphologically, presenting a unified system.

List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)